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The Emancipation Proclamation made the Civil War a crusade for abolition as well as for the preservation of the union. New Yorkers responded differently to the proclamation when it took effect on January 1, 1863. Implementation of the proclamation required success on the battlefield, however, and this was by no means assured in early 1863.

Horatio Seymour, Governor
The Enrollment Act of 1863
Draft Notice and Commutation Receipt
Men of Color - TO ARMS!
United States Colored Troops
Watervliet Arsenal
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1, 1863
Gibbs Carbine Rifle
Sergeant Andrew Guthrie
General Daniel Sickles
General Gouverneur K. Warren
General Warren's Presentation Sword