Notes for Theodorus V. W. Graham

compiled and contributed
James Allie

[mostly arranged chronologically with previously known references removed]

Theodorus Van Wyck Graham was born July 22, 1759, in Brinkerhoff, Dutchess County NY. His parents were the Dr. Rev. Chauncey Graham and Elizabeth Van Wyck. His father was a Presbyterian minister, physician and school teacher. It appears Theodorus did not attend college. Presumably he was educated at his father's academy in Fishkill, NY. In 1774 the Grahams moved to Stillwater, but shortly returned to Brinkerhoff.

In a letter written in Fishkill, New York dated November 14, 1777, Colonel Henry B. Livingston requested that Governor Clinton promote certain officers of the 4th New York Regiment. Theodorus was identified as a volunteer member of the 4th New York Regiment who had been assigned the duties of First Ensign effective October 1, 1777. He is noted in the papers of Governor Clinton as recommended for promotion on November 25, 1777. From this we know that Theodorus volunteered and served in the 4th New York Regiment under Colonel Henry B. Livingston at least from October 1 through November 25, 1777. When he joined the 4th New York Regiment is uncertain, but presumably it was between July 22, 1775 (his sixteenth birthday) and October 1, 1777.

The 4th New York Regiment was part of the continental army, not the New York militia. It has been said to have had the most eventful history of any of the New York Regiments. It was called to the defense of Peekskill on March 23, 1777, and by August 1777, joined General Gates in preparation for what would be the Battles of Saratoga. The Battles of Saratoga consisted of two main engagements, the first of these being the Battle of Freeman's Farm and the second being the Battle of Bemis Heights. The 4th Regiment fought with distinction in both engagements.

The British were past Saratoga and advancing on their destination of Albany, when on September 19, 1777, they ran into American forces in a clearing in the woods at Freeman's Farm, 10 miles south of Saratoga. General Benedict Arnold, commanding the left wing of the American forces, ordered Colonel Daniel Morgan and his 400 sharpshooters to assault and harass the British while they were still advancing through the woods in separate columns. Morgan charged aggressively into British General Simon Fraser's column and inflicted severe casualties before being forced back across the field. Arnold then sent forward the brigades of Generals Enoch Poor and Ebenezer Learned to support Morgan. The 4th New York Regiment was fighting under Ebenezer Learned's Brigade. Although they had to relinquish the field, the Americans halted Burgoyne's advance and inflicted disproportionate losses on the British. The conservative Gates and Arnold had a heated exchange about tactics and Gates relieved Arnold of his command.

Burgoyne decided to wait for relief by Howe, but by early October realized he was running out of time. The Battle of Bemis Heights took place on October 7, 1777. Burgoyne planned to assault the American lines in three columns and drive them from the field. The main assault was made by the German Hessians under Major General Riedesel against the American forces on Bemis Heights. General Benjamin Lincoln now commanded the division of Poor's and Learned's brigades positioned on Bemis Heights. The 4th Regiment was still serving under Learned's Brigade. The American's not only inflicted disproportionate casualties on the British, but won the field as well. G

general Burgoyne ultimately realizing the futility of further resistance surrendered on October 17, 1777. Of the 7,000 British and Germans who marched from Canada only 3,500 were fit for duty at the surrender. At some point the 4th Regiment marched south, arriving at Fishkill a distance of about 100 miles by November 14th.

The available record suggests it is likely that Theodorus served in both battles of Saratoga. Whether he continued to serve with the 4th Regiment after November 14, 1777 is unclear. If he did, he served in some of the most celebrated and trying campaigns of the Revolution.

The 4th Regiment was with General Washington at White Marsh Pennsylvania by December 2, 1777. The Battle of White Marsh was part the Philadelphia campaign and was fought between December 5 and December 8, 1777. The battle, which took the form of a series of skirmish actions, was the last major engagement of 1777 between British and American forces.

By Christmas, the 4th Regiment was at Valley Forge Pennsylvania, under conditions so intolerable that Colonel Livingston was suggesting the Regiment be disbanded if supplies could not quickly be found. None the less, they remained at Valley Forge at least until May 14, 1778, when General Washington ordered its commanding officer to apply for tents and "remove the men from their huts" as they were sickly.

On June 28, 1778, the 4th Regiment took part in the battle of Monmouth. They next appear in White Plains, New York from where they were sent under the Marquis de Lafayette to Rhode Island. The 4th Regiment was present at the siege of Newport and subsequent battle of Rhode Island. Returning in the fall of 1778 to the Hudson Valley, it marched to Albany and joined General James Clinton. From Albany by way of Otsego Lake, down the Susquehanna, the 4th Regiment, no longer under Coronal Livingston, joined General Sullivan. It was involved in the expedition against the Iroquois and the action at Newtown. The 4th Regiment rejoined the main army in Morristown for the winter of 1779-80. It returned to the Highlands of the Hudson in the following summer, and then proceeded to Fort Schuyler, where it was incorporated with the 2d New York Regiment on the 1st January, 1781.

At some point prior to 1780, he began serving as a Commissary of Issues for the New York Provincial Congress. According to Helen Carpenter Graham, he was later promoted to a Lieutenancy in the New York Militia. On August 14, 1783, the following appeared in the The Vermont Gazette or Freemen's Depository:

Ran away from the subscriber…a negro man named Quom … speaks Low Dutch and English. Also, an apprentice lad, named Hercules Lent, about seventeen years old…. Whoever secures the Negro, and delivers him, or gives word to Theodorus V.W. Graham, Esq; in Albany, shall there receive TEN DOLLARS reward, & all reasonable charges, or if delivered to the subscriber, the said reward and charges shall be paid by [him].

THOMAS STORM Hopewell, Dutchess County, State of New York, July 28, 1783

Thomas Storm was Theodorus' brother-in-law and a future candidate for Lieutenant Governor of New York. It appears from the reference to Theodorus as an esquire, that prior to 1783 Theodorus served several years under a practicing lawyer, perhaps his uncle Zephaniah Platt. I have in my possession an original legal document showing Theodorus was acting as an attorney by 1784.

Theodorus appears for the first time in the records of the First Presbyterian Church of Albany in 1784. Although he served as one of the original incorporators and trustees of the First Presbyterian Church of Albany (organized October 5, 1785), he did not officially become a member for another 29 years (November 18, 1814). He served as a trustee in 1785-1797, 1800-1803, 1810-1812, and 1817-1820. He ordained an Elder of the church on January 3, 1819 and remained in that capacity until his death on July 6, 1822.

Perhaps the dress of Magdalena (Ten Broeck) Graham described in the book Social New York under the Georges as a gown of gauze embroidered in silver with an under dress of white satin was her wedding dress. At the time of the wedding, her father, a wealthy merchant and noted Revolutionary leader, was serving as the Sheriff of Albany County. Among her prominent and wealthy family were her Uncles Leonard Gansevoort, Esq. and General Peter Gansevoort.

There were some earlier connections between Theodorus' family and Magdalena's family. For example, Magdalena's father John Ten Broeck and uncle Leonard Gansevoort served with Theodous's uncles Zephaniah Platt and his grandfather Theodorus Van Wyck in the Third Provincial Congress held in New York between May and June of 1776. They were also involved in the various committees for detecting conspiracies etc that served as the Revolutionary Government of New York.

Theodorus, along with many prominent persons, is listed as a subscriber to The Vision of Columbus a poem in nine books, by Joel Barlow, Esq. (Hartford 1787).

Theodorus and Magdalena's first child, John Ten Broeck Graham was born in Albany of July 24, 1787. Three months later, on September 25, 1787, Theodorus was first elected to public office as an Assistant to the Albany Common Counsel. Theodorus was 28 years old at the time, and his election was undoubtedly help by his wife's influential family. He would remain a resident of the Second Ward until sometime after the 1790 census. During this period he began what appears to have been a life long practice of buying and selling real estate.

Within a year his life long association with Federalist politics was reflected in the National Press, where it was reported:

When news of the adoption of the constitution, by the State of Virginia, arrived here, the federal party caused the bells to be rung; walked up to the fort in procession; had ten guns fired with three huzzas between each shot. That same evening the antifederal party had a meeting, and concluded on walking to the fort in procession the next morning, to burn the constitution, which they put into execution about eight o'clock. About eleven both parties joined to celebrate independency; walked in procession to the fort and had thirteen canon fired; after which the federal party, with a few of the other, dined at Mr. Lews's; the principal part of the anti-federal party went to Mr. Hilton's where they had a flag displayed, and were firing guns and huzzaing all the forepart of the day. There were a few light horse under the command of Dirck Ten Broeck, esquire, and the artillery company under arms, who when they were dismissed at twelve, had orders to be on parade at five, in order to spend the afternoon, in celebrating independency, as they had the morning-before five o'clock, the federal party agreed to spend the remainder of the day in rejoicing on account of the adoption of the constitution by ten states; when the troops paraded, they were informed of the intentions of the party, and after Abraham G. Lansing, Esquire, had the artillery company dismissed (for he could not consistent with his political sentiments rejoice with them) Major Compton ordered all who were federal to parade, whenevery man under arms paraded except three, who joined the anti-federalists at Mr. Hilton's.

The federalists began their maneuvers by walking through the city, carrying a small field piece and firing it at different parts of town they turned up the lane which leads from Court to Green Street, intending to go past Mr. Hilton's; but as soon as they entered the street a violent engagement ensued … clubs and bricks were used on both side - the light horse were beat back, and went round the block to the other end of the street, where they joined the action. It was expected some lives would have been lost, for the artillery made use of bayonets; the federal party being most powerful, forced into the house and made prisoners of those who had not escaped. Those most hurt in the engagement are, Alderman T.V.W. Graham, and Dirk Ten Broeck ….

The Independent Gazeteer, 7-19-1788 (extract of a letter from Albany, July 6). Although his injuries were serious, he appears to have recovered quickly. On September 2, 1788, Theodorus was replaced on a committee of the Common Counsel as he was leaving Albany.

He was elected Alderman for the Second Ward on 1788. It was reported that on July 16th, he applied to the Court of Oyer and Terminer, Justice Hobart presiding, to be permitted to associate with them, in consequence of his qualification in the office of alderman, certificates of which he produced to the court. The mayor, [John Lansing Jr] pleaded difficulty in that Mr. Marselis continued to exercise the same office, and that by law Mr. Graham could not be admitted to the office until Mr. Marselis was ousted. The court requested evidence of such law, and when none was produced held that that Mr. Graham was the legal Alderman; and Mr. Marselis had no right to a seat there, and that any acts of the court with Mr. Marselis would be coram non judice.

Theodorus was a member of the NY Law Book Patrons of 1792,

Paper date: Albany, 9-6-1792, Theodorus, Col. Talbot and Maj. North appointed the commissioners to contract for building bridges and improvement of roads in the Western District.

Letter dated April 18, 1792 ( provides in part:

From The Albany Committee of Correspondence Albany, 18 April 1792 Sir, Our adversaries in the election, finding that their cause grows desperate, have descended to misrepresentations of various kinds to promote the re-election of Governor Clinton … [including] that Mr. Jay and his friends at New York have determined to give up their opposition to Mr. Clinton's reelection …. We are Sir, Your obedient Servants, James Caldwell Cornelius Glen Daniel hale Leonard Gansevoort, Jun. Philip S. Van Rensselaer Theodorus V.W. Graham Abraham Ten Broeck Dirk Ten Broeck John D.P. Douw Joseph Newlands Samuel Stringer William Van Ingen Barent Van Allen

On June 6, 1792, The Diary or Loudon's Register reprinted the legal opinion of Stephen Lush, T.V.W. Graham and Abraham Van Veighten issued May 24, 1792 to the legislature concluding that Richard R. Smith continued as the Sheriff of Otsego County until a new Sheriff was sworn in and therefore, the ballots and poll lists returned by him were valid. Had the votes been counted, John Jay would have defeated George Clinton in the Governor's race. The Anti-federalists controlled the State assembly and ruled to the contrary, immediately burning the ballots to hide the evidence of their malfeasance.

In June, 1792, Theodorus, Thomas Hun, Johannes Deitz, Jacob Hochstrasser, William North and Jellis A. Fonda were elected to represent the County of Albany in the State Assembly. That fall, Chancellor Kent and his wife where making a tour up the Hudson and stayed a while with Theodorus. Mrs. Kent was Theodorus' cousin.

The Farmer's Register, Kingston, Ulster County, New York, April 13, 1793: The following gentlemen are appointed, in purpose of the act, to be Commissioners and examining Physicians and Surgeons: … City of Albany Commissioners: Abraham Van Vechten, Theodorus Van Wyck Graham, Dirck Ten Broeck, Esquires. Physicians and Surgeons: Doctor Samuel Stringer, Doctor Hanlock Woodruff. The Commissioners will proceed to execute the trust reposed in them, on Monday the tenth of June next, at the respective court houses and towns, where they reside; the claimants being at liberty to produce their claims and witnesses, at such of said places as will be most convenient for them. Published by order of the Judge of the New York District, Robert Troup, Clerk.

December 24, 1794: Theodorus is listed as one of eighty-eight subscribers to a fund to found Union College. TVW pledge 100 pounds, which pledge was exceeded by only Stephen Van Rensselaer and matched by only seven other individuals (Stephen Lush, Samuel Stringer, John Taylor, Abm. G. Lansing, Abm. Van Vechten, Abm. Ten Broeck and Banyar Gold)

1798: Onondaga Comrs. to T.V.W. Graham 1798 Awards: 145; lot 89 town of Fabius.

Paper 4-8-1798 and 4-13-1798: At a numerous and respectable meeting of freeholders and inhabitants of the city of Albany, at the City-Tavern on Saturday the 17th of March, 1798, Theodorus Van Wyck Graham, Esq. Chairman …Resolved unanimously… John Jay … Governor …Stephen Van Rensselaer ..Lieutenant Governor ….

Albany Centinel, 4-17-1798: The general committee of the city of Albany, at a meeting held at the City-Tavern, the 6th inst. Having duly considered the several communications made to them from different parts of the county - Unanimously concurred in the following nominations for members of Assembly, to be held up and supported at the ensuing election- Dirck Ten Broeck and Jeremiah Lansingh, from the City of Albany; Joseph Shurtless, from the city of Schenectady; John Jost Dietz, from the town of Berlin; James Bill, from the town of Rensselaerville; Philip P. Schuyler, from the town of Water-Vliet,; Andrew N. Heermance, from the town of Duanesburgh; and Thomas E. Barker, from the town of Freehold. T.V.W. Graham, Chairman S. Bleecker, Secretary A

lbany Centinel, Wednesday 11-09-1798:

Wednesday, the 4th of November inst. The following gentlemen were elected Officers of the Albany Humane Society: Philip S. Van Rensselaer, President. T.V.W. Graham, Vice President. R.S. Treat, Treasurer. Goldsbrow Banyer, jun, Secretary. Thomas Ellison, G. W. Van Schaick, Barent Bleecher, John Jauncey, Sanders Lansing, Abraham Hun, Robert R. Henry, Samuel Dexter, and Charles R. Webster, Trustees.

1799 Onondaga Comrs. to T. V. W. Graham 1799 Awards,152, lot 95; 295 lot 17(?) town of Fabius.

These fifty acres which Jeremiah calls the 'old home' were the surveyed fifty acreas on lot #90 and marked "S-50" on H.D. Sweet's map, a copy of which is attached herewith. The survey of fifty acres in each lot were awarded to the surveyors as payment for laying out the lots in the original surveys of 1790. The "S-50" on lot #90 was awarded by the Onondaga Commissioners to Theodorus V.W. Graham on November 6, 1799. (6) Twenty years later it was the same fifty acres that he sold to Samuel and Jeremiah Everingham on February 16, 1819.

1800 Onondaga Co. to T. V. W. Graham:

Tully: 1800 awards 273, lot 79; 349, lot 95; 350, lot 95, 434, lot 69; 434, lot 70
Pompey: 1800 Awards 327, lot 67; 430, lot 62, 431, lot 96

[Date] Theodorus was a member of the Manumissions Society. On March 4, 1801, Theodorus and A. Hun witnessed a deed transferring land from Coenradt Luke, Jr to Leonard Gansevoort.

The Albany Centinel, 3-31-1801 & The Albany Centinel, 4-21-1801: At a numerous and respectable meeting of Federal Electors of the city of Albany, held at the City Tavern, on Satyurday evening, the 14th of February, 1801, agreeably to previous notice published in the Albany Gazette and Centinel. Henry I. Bogart, Esquire, in the Chair, John Jauncey, Secretary.

On motion, resolved, that this meeting proceed to nomination of Candidates, to be supported at the ensuing election, for offices of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor of this state, of Senator for the Eastern District, and of Representatives in the House of Assembly for the city of Albany - Thereupon the following gentlemen were unanimously nominated. Stephen Van Rensselaer To be supported for the office of Governor. James Watson Of the City of New York for the office of Lieutenant-Governor Abraham Van Vechten Of the City of Albany, for the office of Senator for the Eastern District Dirck Ten Broeck and John V. Henry Of the City of Albany, Representatives in the House of Assembly for the county of Albany. Resolved, That the Chairman and Secretary, together with the following persons, be a committee to promote the election of the above named candidates.
[long list including T.V.W. Graham.] Resolved, That it be the duty of the Committee forthwith to publish the above nomination of candidates for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, with a suitable address on the occasion; and to correspond with the several counties in the Eastern District, and towns in this county, and complete a General ticket for senators and members of Assembly, with such candidates, in addition to the above named, as shall be nominated at meetings held by citizens attached to Federal Republican principles.

The Albany Centinel, 4-14-1801: The Board of Common Council of this city, have appointed the following Gentlemen Inspectors of the General Election to be holden in this city on the last Tuesday in April instant, for Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Senators and Assemblymen. … Third Ward Teunis Ts. Van Vechten, Theodorus V. W. Graham, Richard S. Treat.

October 7, 1801: Troup solicitor and TVW Graham of counsel filed a response of Cochran in the case of Leak and Swartwout v. Robert Chochran and others including TVW Graham's kin Nathan, Jonas and Zephaniah Platt, John and William Bailey and James Kent. The case involved a large tract of land.

12-11-1801 Property Cayuga Romulus DC52

1-22-1802 The Albany Centinel Tax notice on property owned by TVW Graham in Romulus, Cayuga County, NY. DC 60.

December 15, 1801: Answer of Samuel Bradstreet, Troup solicitor and TVW Graham of Counsel. This appears to have Theodorus on the opposite side of litigation over General Bradstreet's will from Hamilton.

10-24-1803 ½ acre Lot Delaware County

The Albany Centinel, 4-22-1803: At a meeting of Federal Republican Citizens of Albany, more respectable and numerous than has appeared in this city on any similar occasion convened at the City Tavern, on Tuesday, the 22nd day of March, 1803… Resolved .. Stephen Luh, Esquire, …Senator for the Eastern District… James Emott, esquire,…Assembly from this city… [long list of names] T.V.W. Graham … Samuel Stringer, Chairman, James Van Ingen, Secretary.

The Albany Centinel, 4-6-1804: The following Gentlemen have been appointed by the Common Council, Inspectors at the ensuing election, for this city… T.V.W. Graham, Third Ward John Binkerhoff Peter Beeckman

The Albany Centinel, 4-10-1804: At a meeting of the General Committee, the following persons were appointed a Committee of Correspondence. … Abm. V. Vechten … Abraham Hun …Hon. P. Schuler … T.V.W. Graham….

By April of 1804, the controversy between Burr and Hamilton had become public with Dr. Cooper alleging that:

Gen. Hamilton and Judge Kent have declared in substance, that they look upon Mr. Burr to be a dangerous man, and one ought not to be trusted with the reins of government. … With respect to Judge Kent's declaration I have only to refer to Theodorus V. W. Graham Esq. and Mr. James Kane … whose veracity I trust will not be impeached, but should the fact escape their recollection, I am not in want of other evidence….

Interestingly, Burr never challenged Kent to a duel, but perhaps because of long running disputes with Hamilton and the fact that Hamilton presented an obstacle to Burr's ambitions, he pursued a duel with Hamilton despite Hamilton providing him with face saving opportunities to avoid blood shed. Burr's actions could be viewed as thinly veiled act of premeditated murder to settle old scores and eliminate a rival. T

he Albany Centinel, 5-08-1804: On Tuesday last an election was held in the four Wards of this City, for the choice of town officers. The following gentlemen were elected- Supervisors, Philip S. Van Rensselaer, 1st ward Theodorus V.W. Graham, 3rd Ward ….

The Albany Centinel, 4-23-1805: Federal Republican Nominations. Albany, April 17, 1805.

At a Meeting of the General Committee of the Federal Republicans of the City of Albany, appointed to determine in conjunction with committees of the other towns in this county, on a general ticket of candidates for said City and County - Their Committee of Correspondence laid before the Meeting a list of Candidates nominates in respective Towns as follows: Stephen Lush, for the City of Albany. Joseph Shurtless, for the City of Schenectady. Abraham Van Vechten for the town of Watervliet. Adam Deitz, Jun. for the town of Bern. Asa Colvard for the town of Rensselaerville. David Burhans, for the town of Bethleham. …

Ph.S.V Rensselaer, Elbert Willett, Daniel Hale, Abraham Eights, John V. Henry, Harmanus A. Wendell, William P. Beers, John Stephenson, Leonard Gansevoort, Henry I. Bogart, K.k. Van Rensselaer, John De Witt, Abraham Hun, Harmanus Ten Eyck, T.V.W. Graham, David Fonda, G.W. Van Schaick, James Kane, Dudley Walsh, Sanduer, many more.

10-24-1804 American Citizen: Tax notice on 300 acres owned by TVW Graham in Brutus Cayuga County, NY.

The Albany Centinel, May 10, 1805 Town Officers, elected in the several wards of this City, on Tuesday last. ….

Third Ward Theodorus V.W. Graham, Supervisor

6-17-1806 Tax notice on 25 acres owned by Theodorus in Cayuga County Lot 94 Town of Ulysses. Among numerous other listed owners where Peter Gansevoort and Stephen Lush.

1808 Sold lot 67+ in Pompey, NY (H,343) to D. Beckley

1809 Sold lot 63+ (I, 212) in Pompey, NY to S. Humphrey.

From 1809 to 1817 Jonas Platt Theodorus' cousin and fellow federalist jurist appears in Albany at First Presbyterian Church.

The Evening Post, 7-31-1809: At a Court of Chancery, held … at the Chancellor's dwelling house in the city of Albany … the Hon. John Lansing, Jun. Esq. Chancellor … Maria J. Jennings vs. Honor Jennings … on motion of T.V.W. Graham, esquire, in behalf of John A. Graham, of counsel for the complainant ….

John A. Graham, is most likely Theodorus' cousin John Andrew Graham, LLD a prominent lawyer in New York City.

American Citizen, 11-10-1809 and the Evening Post 10-06-1809 and 12-28-1809: At a Court of Chancery, held … at the Chancellor's dwelling house in the city of Albany the 28th day of August, 1809, … the Hon. John Lansing, Jun. esquire, Chancellor … Ann Kuhn, vs. Peter Kuhn, Junior …on motion of Mr. T.V.W. Graham, in behalf of Mr. John A. Graham, counsel for the complainant ….

New York Commercial Advertiser, 02-12-1810 Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Albany to his friend in this city dated January 9, I hasten to inform you of the proceedings of the Council. This day the following appointments have been made - … For Albany. T.V.W, Graham, Recorder -Yates removed….

The Evening Post, 11-01-1810 and The Evening Post, 11-21-1810: At a Court of Chancery, held … in the City of Albany, the 14th day of September 1810 … the honorable. John Lansing, Junior, esquire, Chancellor. Mary Scofield vs. Isaac Scofield … on motion of Mr. T.V.W. Graham, in behalf of Mr. John A. Graham, of counsel for the complainant ….

Connecticut Gazette and Commercial Intelligencer, 1-20-1813: Jonas Platt, John Stearns, James W. Wilkin, and Peter Radcliff, esquires are chosen the Council of Appointment by the Legislature of New York. They are federalists. Albany Directory, 1813 Theodorus Van Wyck Graham Third Ward Supervisor Judge of Probate, 5 Market Street

The Northern Post, 11-25-1813: At a Court of Probates of the State of New York, held at the Probate Office in the City of Albany, on the twentieth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirteen. Present-Theodorus Van Wyck Graham, Esq. Judge of the said Court. In the matter of William Johnson, deceased. …

John T.B. Graham, Clk.

1815 Sold lot 72 (Q, 231) in Pompey, NY to J. Teft.

1816 Sold (R 16) lot 40 in Tully, NY to M. Nash

Evening Post, July 16, 1816: Gerrit Y. Lansing, Judge of Probates, vice Theodorus Van Wyck Graham removed.

Boston Gazette, 7-22-1816 The New York Council of Appointment have displaced most of the federal officers of that state. Among the late sweeping, are Hon. Theodorus V. W. Graham of the Court of Probate; and John V. N. Yates, Esq. Recorder of the City of Albany.

The Evening Post, 7-26-1816 Albany, July 24, An Appointment by his Hon. The Chancellor- Theodorus Van Wyck Graham, late Judge of Probates, Register of the Court of Chancery, vice Sanders Lansing, removed.

Note: TVWG's cousin's husband and fellow federalist lawyer James Kent replaced John Lansing as Chancellor in 1814. Sanders Lansing was John Lansing's brother and the uncle of Gerrit Lansing who replace Theodorus a few days before as Judge the Court of Probate. James Kent's brother, Moss Kent left Congress in 1817, and was appointed Register of Chancery Court by 1818.

Boston Gazette, 8-1-1816: Albany, July 23. - This day his Honor, the Chancellor, appointed T.V.W. Graham, Register in Chancery, vice Saunders Lansing, removed. Mr. Graham was removed a few days ago by the Council of Appointment, from the office of Judge of Probates, to make room for a nephew of Mr. Lansing.

Commercial Advertiser, 7-14-1818: Died Last evening, John T.B. Graham, Esq. son of Theodorus V. W. Graham, Esq. of Albany, aged 31 years. The friends of his father, of Mr. Thomas Storm, of Mr. Stephen Storm, and of Dr. Thomas Boyd. Are respectfully invited to attend his funeral, from the house of his brother-in-law, No. 3 Whitehall Street, this afternoon at 5o'clock. Procession to move precisely at 6.

The New York Evening Post, 7-24-1818 Obituary of John T.B. Graham

According to a notice of litigation over a certain lot in the second ward of Albany published in the New-York Evening Post on December 8, 1818, the eastern boundary of the disputed lot was a "lot now or lately" owned by Theodorus VW Graham, the southern boundary was Elk Street and the northern boundary was Fox street, and the Western boundarywas a lot owned by the City. This may be the location of TVW's residence when he lived in the second ward (dates) or it may simply be an investment property.

1819 Sold lot 90 (W,92) in Pompey, NY to S. Everingham


the people of colonial Albany Sources: Research notes for Theodorus Van Wyck Graham and others contributed by James Allie in February 2010. The community-based references already collected have been removed from these notes.

first posted: 2/20/10